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PDF or EBOOK (Serving the Reich) ✓ Philip Ball

  • Hardcover
  • 320
  • Serving the Reich
  • Philip Ball
  • English
  • 21 November 2019
  • 9781847922489

Philip Ball ´ 8 summary

summary Serving the Reich ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Ball ´ 8 summary Cape Nazi interference in his research; Heisenberg and others argued that they had deliberately delayed production of the atomic bombMixing history science and biography Serving the Reich is a gripping exploration of moral choices under a totalitarian regime Here are human dilemmas failures to take responsibility three lives caught between the idealistic goals of science and a tyrannical ideolo. An interesting analysis of the morals and implications of the physists who worked during the Third Reich years Philip Ball takes us on a journey through the life s and times of these scientists what they did and the legacy of their work In the end he shows us that there are no simple answers or easy explanations and that we must strive to understand the complexities of that time period In short there are no clear answers and not everything is what it seems

free read Serving the Reich

Serving the Reich

summary Serving the Reich ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Ball ´ 8 summary Dutch physicist rose to run the Reich’s most important research institute before leaving for the United States in 1940Werner Heisenberg discovered the Uncertainty Principle and became the leading figure in Germany’s race for the atomic bombAfter the war most scientists in Germany maintained they had been apolitical or even resisted the regime Debye claimed that he had gone to America to es. I thoroughly enjoyed Philip Ball s book Serving the Reich The Struggle for the Soul of Physics Under Hitler It examines the relationship between science and politics through the lens of the actions of Peter Debye Max Planck and Werner Heisenberg during the backdrop of Nazi Germany Ball notes None of these three men were enthusiastic about Hitler s regime yet all were leaders and guides of German science managerially intellectually and inspirationally and they each played a major part in setting the tone of the physics community s response to the Nazi era p5 It struck me that the regime in Nazi Germany arose because educated and concerned people lacked the will to take action to stop it before it was too late This situation in the mid 1930s seems to have parallels to the challenges President Obama faces as ISIS emerges in the Middle East to replace the remnants of Al aida Is it too late to stop such evil from rearing its ugly head againBall highlights The encroachment of Nazi ideology in physics was not a state sanctioned enterprise but an ultimately fruitless attempt at self promotion by a few eminent yet embittered individuals Political sycophants who were generally poor performing scientists came to positions of authority in German science and by 1935 1 in 5 German scientists or 1 in 4 physicists had been dismissed Ball adds The Nazis insisted not just on who did science but on what science was done Jewish scientists could not practice science and such religious intolerance forced scientists such as Albert Einstein to leave Germany for America He wrote on April 5 1933 I did not wish to live in a country where the individual does not enjoy euality before the law and freedom of speech and training p76Anti semitism was rampant in nearby German speaking Austria too Chelsea Wald wrote in SCIENCE in March 2013 The Austrian Academy of Sciences may have been particularly hostile to Jews and nonconformists even before the Nazis arrived said historian Mitchell Ash of the University of Vienna After the Anschluss the annexation of Austria to Germany in March 1938 only 9% of the regular members were forced out on racial or political grounds while nearly half of the University s faculty members were dismissed That means membership was not entirely based on meritocratic but also on folkish and anti Semitic criteria even before the Nazi ideology took over Ash said The Nazis were bad for Germany and Austria and the Nazi regime was bad for German science tooAfter World War II many scientists remained in denial over what happened including the horrors of the Nazi treatment of prisoners and even the Holocaust Werner Heisenberg of Uncertainty Principle fame exemplifies this denial of the past He was apt to refer to the bad side of Nazism as Ball writes with the implication that there was a good side too Heisenberg argued that the Nazis would have become civilized if they had won the war give or take 50 years What compels highly trained people to ignore the atrocities around them Ball believes in this case What seems most to have compromised Heisenberg was a craving for approval even that of a corrupt regime whose methods and principles he disdained Maybe keeping your nose to the grindstone and waiting for kudos is not the way to halt evil in its tracks Elder statesmen in the physics community Max Planck was paralysed by a predicament for which his conservative education had never prepared him He is as Ball depicts a genuinely tragic figure Planck found it difficult to challenge authority in a German society were maintaining structure and taking orders unuestioningly from the political leadership was ingrainedMeanwhile a solid scientist like Peter Debye was simply an ordinary man in extraordinary circumstances The uestion Ball asks What could Planck Heisenberg and Debye done differently As it turns out nothing I recommend that this period piece about 1930s era scientists dealing with an oppressive regime be read It forces us to think about what we would do in such circumstances It brought to light some notions that Ball attempts to address for us and the global scientific community of the 21st century1 It s a delusion of some scientists that reason and moral virtue go hand in hand2 Scientific training rarely incorporates an ethical dimension Enjoy the read

summary í eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ´ Philip Ball

summary Serving the Reich ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Philip Ball ´ 8 summary Serving the Reich tells the story of physics under Hitler While some scientists tried to create an Aryan physics that excluded any ‘Jewish ideas’ many others made compromises and concessions as they continued to work under the Nazi regime Among them were three world renowned physicistsMax Planck pioneer of uantum theory regarded it as his moral duty to carry on under the regimePeter Debye a. The book is uite interesting and its aim is to write a definitive account on the situation of three major figures in both uantum Physics and Germany Both Plack and Heisenberg are studied extensively in other books and magazines but it s the first time I ve read an account on Debye as well probably because he s one of the most controversial physicists who have worked under the regime Overall the book is well written and addresses both uestions about physics and history trying to cast a light on the most important aspects of uantum mechanics The fact that it deals only with those aspects that are necessary to the dissertation is a plus for me as the other phenomena despite their obvious physical importance are of no use for a discussion about politics The only problem I could find in the book is that the approach is uite repetitive thus it ends up being a bit boring after a while especially if you know already a big chunk of what the author is talking about